Ceramic: Ceramic is man made from clay and is fired at high temperatures in a kiln. It is made available in glazed and unglazed finishes, as both wall and floor tiles.
Porcelain:Porcelain is a ceramic tile, but made with the addition of feldspar, flint and silica. It is pressed, then kiln fired at 1200-1300 degrees Celsius; its composition and production methods result in a low absorbency, uniform, hardwearing tile. Porcelain is available in glazed or unglazed finishes, as wall and floor tiles.
Terracotta: Terracotta, meaning ‘cooked earth’, is man made from clay. This tile is typically very absorbent.
Mosaic: Mosaic tiles are man made from ceramic, porcelain, glass or natural stone and are available glazed or unglazed. They are typically a small format tile, less than 35cm2 and are netted on a sheet.
Natural Stone: Natural stone is a natural resource, composed of aggregate minerals, taking upwards of millions of years to form. Stone, such as limestone, marble, granite and slate, is extracted from the earth through quarries; it is inherently porous and requires sealing. It has a high absorbency and is high maintenance.